Botswana is a parliamentary republic within the Commonwealth. The head of state and head of government is elected president in indirect elections by the National Assembly on the 5-year term. President appoints members of the government.

Legislative power belongs to dwuizbowego parliament. In the higher House, 15 members of the Advisory Board of leaders (House of Chiefs) 8 leaders will sit the most important races, 4 members elected every 5 years and 3 members elected by the other 12 The lower chamber, the National Assembly (National Assembly), consists of 40 members elected by direct universal suffrage for 5-year term.